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Model for the High-Rotation to Ordinary-Mode Transitions observed in MCX.

Author: Parvez N Guzdar
Requested Type: Poster Only
Submitted: 2007-01-05 12:28:51

Co-authors: Imran Shamim, Catalin Teodorescu, A. B. Hassam, R. Clary, R. Ellis, R. Lunsford

Contact Info:
University of Maryland
College Park, Maryland   20742

Abstract Text:
The Maryland Centrifugal Experiment (MCX) undergoes a transition in which it makes an abrupt transition from a good confinement high-rotation state (HR-mode) to a lower rotation confined state (the O mode). To model this transition a 2D time-dependent MHD code is used to determine the dynamical equilibrium states of the MCX configuration. An additional momentum loss term is added to the system of equations to model the coupling of the plasma to the neutrals in the vicinity of the two insulators at the mirror throats. An input momentum source is treated as a control parameter to drive the poloidal rotation which in the machine is accomplished by the radial electric field and the ensuing ExB rotation. It is found that for small values of the source, the confined state is a low confined state since the plasma is not effectively centrifugally confined and hence experiences additional drag from the neutrals in the vicinity of the insulators. However, at a critical forcing the plasma makes an abrupt transition to a good centrifugally confined state in which the plasma has pulled away from the end insulator plates. As it pulls away the drags from the neutrals in the throat region decreases which further increases the rotation thereby leading to better centrifugal confinement. The good confined state is reached when the momentum source balances the diffusive.
In the experiment it the reverse transition that occurs.

Characterization: A3


University of Maryland

Innovative Confinement Concepts Workshop
February 12-14, 2007
College Park, Maryland

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